Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was born on 25th sept. 1916 in a traditional family. He lost his parents during his early childhood, but he continued his studies as a shining student. He obtained gold medals both at the Matriculation Board Exam in 1935 and Intermediate Board Exam in 1937. Later he did his B.A. and B.T. from Kanpur University. He even qualified the Civil Service Exam; but he didn't join civil services as he fascinated by the idea of making for and working with the common people.
Pt. Upadhyaya was gifted with a multi - faceted personality. He was an extraordinary organizer, social thinker and philosopher. He joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as a Pracharak and later organized sangh's activity in Uttar Pradesh inspired by Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. Pt. Upadhyaya entered politics in 1951 and was appointed as the all India General Secratery of Bhartiya Janasangh. Soon he was counted among the national leaders. In 1967he was elected president of the same party and led the party to number two position at the national level in General Election (1967). But his life was cut short by the unknown hands on 11th February,1968 at Mugal Sarai Railway yard where was found dead.
Pt. Upadhyaya is well known for his idea as INTEGRAL HUMANISM - the concept which is deeply embedded in Indian Psyche. The philosophy of integral Humanism advocate the simultaneous and integrated program of the body, mind and intellect and soul of each human being. Pt.Upadhyaya also propagated that Indian culture is holistic because of its integrated viewpoint 'Unity is Diversity' is the cornerstone of Indian culture. These views of Pt. Upadhyaya continue to be relevant under the present socio economic and political atmosphere is the country.
Pt. Upadhyaya was a great journalist, thinker and writer. He was associated with a number of monthlies, weeklies and dailies as ‘editor’. At the same time, he produced articles and books which were widely acclaimed around the world. He will always be remembered for his publications including “The Two Plans”, “Political Diary”, “Devaluation and Indian Economic Policy”, “Samrat ChandraGupta”, “Jagadguru Shankracharya” and “Integral Humanism”.
Compiled by Dr. T.N.Chhabra.
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